Monday, May 21, 2018

Occu Collect Users Guide

Users’ Guide
Occu Collect uses the data from the Dictionary of Occupational Titles (unskilled occupations), the printed and the electronic files of the Selected Characteristics of Occupations (unskilled occupations), the Occupational Outlook Handbook, the Occupational Information Network, and the Occupational Requirements Survey.  These are all publications of the Department of Labor through either the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the Employment and Training Administration, and/or the through a grant to the North Carolina Department of Commerce.  See our Documentation page for a list of sources and methods used for compiling the data from the five sources. 

Dictionary of Occupational Titles, 4th ed. Revised (Dept. of Labor 1991)
The DOT (unskilled occupations) reports contain a reference to a SOC code. The reference to the SOC code allows users to access the correct data in the OOH, the O*NET, and the ORS.  Each DOT report contains a hyperlink to the DOT-O*NET Crosswalk to allow users to verify the statement and to print the page as necessary. 
Occu Collect breaks down the four categories DOT/SCO reports (cognitive and mental; education, training, and experience; environmental conditions; and physical demands) into those categories.  Occu Collect does that to assist the user in focusing on the critical inquiry rather than inundating the user with all available data. 
All DOT reports contain the occupation title, DOT code, SOC code, link to the O*NET OnLine, link to the DOT-O*NET Crosswalk, and DOT narrative with the trailer information.  The three reports available for the DOT breakdown the available data:
          1.                Cognitive demands report contains the Data-People-Things codes from the DOT number and a definition of the DTP code. 
          2.                Education, training, and experience report contains the Specific Vocational Preparation code with definition; the Reasoning, Mathematical, and Language development levels with definitions. 
          3.                Physical demands report contains the strength designation with the DOT definition.

Selected Characteristics of Occupations Defined in the Revised Dictionary of Occupational Titles (Dept. of Labor 1993)
All SCO (unskilled occupations) reports contain the occupational title, DOT code, SOC code, and link to the O*NET OnLine.  The three reports available for SOC break down the available data:
          1.                Cognitive demands report contains the aptitudes and temperaments from the SCO electronic files. 
          2.                Environmental conditions report contains the SCO statement of environmental conditions with the SCO definitions. 
          3.                Physical demands report contains the SCO statement of physical demands with the SCO definitions.

Occupational Information Network (O*NET) (Dept. of Labor 2018)
Occu Collect has three sections for work abilities (two) and work context from the O*NET OnLine.  The O*NET OnLine has 24 different reports.  Occu Collect reports the three most important to the cross-examination of vocational experts.  This product focuses on the unskilled DOT codes (3,100) and ignores the skilled and semi-skilled DOT codes (another 10,000).  The O*NET OnLine provides the work abilities report in two flavors: importance and level.  Occu Collect provides that data.  The O*NET OnLine provides one flavor of work context and Occu Collect reports that data.  Occu Collect provides the data for all occupational groups. 
Occu Collect uses the same data fields and two versions of the reports for work abilities, importance and level.  Importance uses a five-point scale from not important to extremely important.  The O*NET provides a numerical score on a scale of 1 to 100, using the five-point scale as 20 points each.  Occu Collect reports that 1–100 score. 
The O*NET uses a eight-point scale that isn’t obvious without getting into the weeds of the data.  The O*NET provides examples of each scored item, converting the 0–7 score into a percentage.  The score for the actual level for the occupational group is reported on a 0–100 score with a bar graph.  Occu Collect reports that data with more detail than is provided in the O*NET.  
Work Abilities Reports
Occu Collect breaks down the importance and level work abilities reports (cognitive and mental; education, training, and experience; environmental conditions; and physical demands).  The importance and the level reports have the same categories but address the data in two different ways — importance and level.  The sorting of the data among the four broad areas of concern is the same.
Cognitive abilities reports:
1.          Oral Comprehension
2.          Written Comprehension
3.          Oral Expression
4.          Written Expression
5.          Fluency of Ideas
6.          Originality
7.          Problem Sensitivity
8.          Deductive Reasoning
9.          Inductive Reasoning
10.       Information Ordering
11.       Category Flexibility
12.       Mathematical Reasoning
13.       Number Facility
14.       Memorization
15.       Speed of Closure
16.       Flexibility of Closure
17.       Perceptual Speed
18.       Spatial Orientation
19.       Visualization
20.       Selective Attention
21.       Time Sharing

Physical demands reports – strength, endurance, flexibility, balance and coordination:
1.          Dynamic Flexibility
2.          Dynamic Strength
3.          Explosive Strength
4.          Extent Flexibility
5.          Gross Body Coordination
6.          Gross Body Equilibrium
7.          Stamina
8.          Static Strength
9.          Trunk Strength
10.       Arm-Hand Steadiness
11.       Control Precision
12.       Finger Dexterity
13.       Manual Dexterity
14.       Multilimb Coordination
15.       Rate Control
16.       Reaction Time
17.       Response Orientation
18.       Speed of Limb Movement
19.       Wrist-Finger Speed
Physical demands reports – visual, auditory and speech perception:
1.          Auditory Attention
2.          Depth Perception
3.          Far Vision
4.          Glare Sensitivity
5.          Hearing Sensitivity
6.          Near Vision
7.          Night Vision
8.          Peripheral Vision
9.          Sound Localization
10.       Speech Clarity
11.       Speech Recognition
12.       Visual Color Discrimination
Work Context Reports
How does Occu Collect break down the work context reports (cognitive and mental; education, training, and experience; environmental conditions; and physical demands)?
Cognitive work conditions:
          1.                Contact With Others
          2.                Coordinate or Lead Others
          3.                Deal with External Customers
          4.                Deal with Physically Aggressive People
          5.                Deal with Unpleasant or Angry People
          6.                Electronic Mail
          7.                Face-to-Face Discussions
          8.                Frequency of Conflict Situations
          9.                Letters and Memos
       10.                Public Speaking
       11.                Responsibility for the Outcomes and Results
       12.                Responsible for Others’ Health and Safety
       13.                Telephone
       14.                Work with Work Group or Team
Environmental work conditions:
          1.                Exposed to Contaminants
          2.                Exposed to Disease or Infections
          3.                Exposed to Hazardous Conditions
          4.                Exposed to Hazardous Equipment
          5.                Exposed to High Places
          6.                Exposed to Minor Burns, Cuts, Bites, or Stings
          7.                Exposed to Radiation
          8.                Exposed to Whole body Vibration
          9.                Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting
       10.                In an Enclosed Vehicle or Equipment
       11.                Indoors, Environmentally Controlled
       12.                Indoors, Not Environmentally Controlled
       13.                Outdoors, Exposed to Weather
       14.                Outdoors, Under Cover
       15.                Sounds, Noise Levels Are Distracting or Uncomfortable
       16.                Very Hot or Cold Temperatures
       17.                Wear Common Protective or Safety Equipment such as Safety Shoes, Glasses, Gloves, Hearing Protection, Hard Hats, or Life Jackets
       18.                Wear Specialized Protective or Safety Equipment such as Breathing Apparatus, Safety Harness, Full Protection Suits, or Radiation Protection
       19.                Physical Proximity
Physical demands report – postural:
          1.                Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions
          2.                Spend Time Bending or Twisting the Body
          3.                Spend Time Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, or Poles
          4.                Spend Time Keeping or Regaining Balance
          5.                Spend Time Kneeling, Crouching, Stooping, or Crawling
          6.                Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions
          7.                Spend Time Sitting
          8.                Spend Time Standing
          9.                Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls
       10.                Spend Time Walking and Running
Physical demands report – exertional:
1.                Spend Time Sitting
2.                Spend Time Standing
3.                Spend Time Using Your Hands to Handle, Control, or Feel Objects, Tools, or Controls
4.                Spend Time Walking and Running
The O*NET does not provide detailed data for occupations with the format xx-xxx9.00.  The occupations that have the format xx-xx99.00 have an occasional subset.  E.g.  51-9199.00 for production workers, all other, has a subset of 51-9199.01 for recycling and reclamation workers.  That single subset does not consume the superset but does represent a certain number of jobs that lack a DOT code.  Some occupational groups have multiple constituent parts.  E.g. 43-5081.00 for stock clerks and order fillers contains four subsets:  43-5081.01 stock clerks, sales floor; 43-5081.02 marking clerks; 43-5081.03 stock clerks – stockroom, warehouse, or storage yard; and 43-5081.04 order fillers, wholesale and retail sales.  Occu Collect does not report the group titles (xx-xxxx.00) when the title represents a group of more specific occupations (xx-xxxx.01, .02, etc.).  When the O*NET provides specific data, Occu Collect reports it. 

Occupational Requirements Survey (Dept. of Labor 2017)
Occu Collect breaks down the ORS reports (cognitive and mental; education, training, and experience; environmental conditions; and physical demands) using the data format published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
                1.          Cognitive and mental demands
                2.          Education, training, and experience
                3.          Environmental conditions
                4.          Physical demands
Occu Collect reports the available data in the categories used by BLS. 
Cognitive and mental demands
1.          Adaptability
a.           Work schedules
b.          Work tasks
2.          Regular Contacts
a.           Type of interaction
b.          Frequency of interaction
3.          Other Contacts
a.           Type of interaction
b.          Frequency of interaction
4.          Decision-making
5.          Supervision
6.          Pace of work
7.          Control of work pace
Education, training, and experience
1.          Minimum formal education or literacy required
a.           Degree by type
b.          Associates degree time (days)
c.           Vocational associates degree time days)
d.          High school vocational time (days)
e.           Literacy (if no high school required)
2.          Other training & experience
f.            Pre-employment training (license, certification, other)
g.           Prior work experience
h.          Post-employment training
3.          Requirements calculated for SSA
i.            Specific vocational preparation (SVP)
Environmental conditions
1.          Extreme cold (non-weather related)
2.          Extreme heat (non-weather related)
3.          Wetness (non-weather related)
4.          Humidity
5.          Heavy vibration
6.          High, exposed places
7.          Proximity to moving mechanical parts
8.          Outdoors
9.          Hazardous contaminants
10.       Noise Intensity Level
Physical demands
1.          Sitting or standing/walking
a.           Standing and walking
b.          Sitting
c.           Sitting vs. standing at will
2.          Hearing
a.           One on one
b.          Group
c.           Telephone
d.          Other sounds
e.           Pass a hearing test
3.          Vision
a.           Near visual acuity
b.          Far visual acuity
c.           Peripheral vision
4.          Communication
a.           Verbal
5.          Climbing
a.           Ramps/stairs: structural only
b.          Ramps/stairs: work-related
c.           Ladders/ropes/scaffolds
6.          Lifting/carrying
a.           Weight (range) lifted/carried – seldom
b.          Weight (range) lifted/carried – occasionally
c.           Weight (range) lifted/carried – frequently
d.          Weight (range) lifted/carried – constantly
e.           Most weight ever lifted/carried (pounds)
7.          Manipulation
a.           Foot/leg controls
                                            i.                One or both
b.          Gross manipulation
                                           ii.                One or both
c.           Fine manipulation
                                         iii.                One or both
8.          Postural
a.           Crawling
b.          Crouching
c.           Stooping
d.          Kneeling
9.          Pushing/pulling
a.           With hand/arm
                                            i.                One or both
b.          With foot/leg
                                            i.                One or both
c.           With feet only
                                            i.                One or both
10.       Reaching
a.           Overhead
                                            i.                One or both
b.          At or below shoulder
                                           ii.                One or both
11.       Tasks
a.           Keyboarding: traditional
b.          Keyboarding: touch screen
c.           Keyboarding: 10-key
d.          Keyboarding: other
e.           Keyboarding: any keyboarding
f.            Driving, type of vehicle
12.       Strength

Occu Collect reports only the data the BLS provides.  The ORS does not report all occupations currently nor all data fields for all occupations that it does report.