Tuesday, January 8, 2019

Garment Sorter and Six Hours of Standing/Walking

Marian Marracco testified at a hearing yesterday.  Marracco has a bulk provider agreement to testify before the Social Security Administration as a vocational expert.  She was in New Jersey.  Now she works out of Desert Hot Springs.  She is prolific.

The ALJ directed Marracco to assume an ability to perform light work as defined in the regulations with other limitations.  Marracco identifies three occupations:  night cleaner; mail clerk; and garment sorter.  On cross-examination, the question turns to the medical expert's testimony: six hours of standing and walking in an eight-hour day.  Marracco says no change because the DOT defines light work as six hours of standing/walking in an eight-hour day.  Marracco further testifies that no light work ever requires more than six hours of standing/walking in a day; no light work requires standing/walking throughout the day; and Labor does not have data to the contrary.  We covered the DOT, regulation, and ruling in the preceding piece on this blog.  We turn our attention to garment sorter.

Marracco used DOT code 222.687-014.  Occu Collect confirms that Labor puts this occupation in production workers, all other (SOC 51-9199).


GARMENT SORTER
222.687-014

DOT: 222.687-014 GARMENT SORTER (garment)

Sorts finished garments, such as shirts, dresses, and pajamas, according to lot and size numbers recorded on tags and labels attached to garments. May fold and package garments in boxes and bags. May iron garments prior to folding [PRESSER, HAND (any industry)]. May be designated according to garment sorted as Shirt Sorter (garment).

GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

DOT-O*NET Crosswalk: https://www.onetonline.org/crosswalk/DOT?s=222.687-014&g=GO

SOC Code: 51-9199.00

There are 1,590 DOT codes in the group.

Marracco testifies to 199,330 jobs as a garment sorter with a limit of six hours of standing/walking in a day.

51-9199.00 - Production Workers, All Other
Typical Entry-Level Education
High school diploma or equivalent
Work experience in a related occupation
None
On the job training
Moderate-term on-the-job training
Number of jobs, 2016
263,500

The O*NET provides no data for "all other" classifications, including production workers, all other. Now for the Occupational Requirements Survey:

51-9199 - Production Workers, All Other

Series ID: ORUP1000031A00000125
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: production workers, all other; hours of standing/walking, mean
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: production workers, all other
Estimate: hours of standing/walking, mean
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual7.19

Series ID: ORUP1000031A00000127
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: production workers, all other; hours of standing/walking (25th percentile)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: production workers, all other
Estimate: hours of standing/walking (25th percentile)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual7

Series ID: ORUP1000031A00000128
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: production workers, all other; hours of standing/walking (50th percentile - median)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: production workers, all other
Estimate: hours of standing/walking (50th percentile - median)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual7.25

Series ID: ORUP1000031A00000129
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: production workers, all other; hours of standing/walking (75th percentile)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: production workers, all other
Estimate: hours of standing/walking (75th percentile)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual8

Series ID: ORUP1000031A00000132
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: production workers, all other; hours of sitting, mean
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: production workers, all other
Estimate: hours of sitting, mean
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual0.97

Series ID: ORUP1000031A00000133
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: production workers, all other; hours of sitting (10th percentile)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: production workers, all other
Estimate: hours of sitting (10th percentile)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual-

Series ID: ORUP1000031A00000134
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: production workers, all other; hours of sitting (25th percentile)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: production workers, all other
Estimate: hours of sitting (25th percentile)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual-

Series ID: ORUP1000031A00000136
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: production workers, all other; hours of sitting (75th percentile)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: production workers, all other
Estimate: hours of sitting (75th percentile)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual1

Series ID: ORUP1000031A00000997
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: production workers, all other; % of day sitting is required, mean
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: production workers, all other
Estimate: % of day sitting is required, mean
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual12

Series ID: ORUP1000031A00000998
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: production workers, all other; % of day sitting is required (10th percentile)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: production workers, all other
Estimate: % of day sitting is required (10th percentile)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual-

Series ID: ORUP1000031A00000999
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: production workers, all other; % of day sitting is required (25th percentile)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: production workers, all other
Estimate: % of day sitting is required (25th percentile)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual-

Series ID: ORUP1000031A00001003
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: production workers, all other; % of day standing/walking is required, mean
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: production workers, all other
Estimate: % of day standing/walking is required, mean
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual88

Series ID: ORUP1000031A00001004
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: production workers, all other; % of day standing/walking is required (10th percentile)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: production workers, all other
Estimate: % of day standing/walking is required (10th percentile)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual75

Series ID: ORUP1000031A00001005
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: production workers, all other; % of day standing/walking is required (25th percentile)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: production workers, all other
Estimate: % of day standing/walking is required (25th percentile)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual87.5

Series ID: ORUP1000031A00001006
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: production workers, all other; % of day standing/walking is required (50th percentile - median)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: production workers, all other
Estimate: % of day standing/walking is required (50th percentile - median)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual96.7

Series ID: ORUP1000031A00001007
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: production workers, all other; % of day standing/walking is required (75th percentile)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: production workers, all other
Estimate: % of day standing/walking is required (75th percentile)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual100

Series ID: ORUP1000031A00001008
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: production workers, all other; % of day standing/walking is required (90th percentile)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: production workers, all other
Estimate: % of day standing/walking is required (90th percentile)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual100

The percent of the day for standing/walking at the 10th percentile 75%, or six hours of a full-time schedule.  Production workers don't engage in some sitting until the 75th percentile, and then just one hour.

Nor are a plurality much less a majority of these jobs in the light category.  Production workers, all other engage in medium exertion in 73.9% of jobs.  Less than 25% lift/carry not more than 20 pounds.  

Series ID: ORUP1000031A00000663
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: % of production workers, all other; strength is medium work
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: production workers, all other
Estimate: strength is medium work
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual73.9

Series ID: ORUP1000031A00000234
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: production workers, all other; pounds maximum weight lifted/carried (10th percentile)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: production workers, all other
Estimate: pounds maximum weight lifted/carried (10th percentile)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual10

Series ID: ORUP1000031A00000235
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: production workers, all other; pounds maximum weight lifted/carried (25th percentile)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: production workers, all other
Estimate: pounds maximum weight lifted/carried (25th percentile)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual25

Most of the jobs are semi-skilled or skilled.

Series ID: ORUV1000031A00000065
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: % of production workers, all other; svp is beyond short demonstration, up to & including 1 month
Requirement: Education, Training, And Experience
Occupation: production workers, all other
Estimate: svp is beyond short demonstration, up to & including 1 month
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual46.3

We summarize the data:

# of Jobs
% Unskilled (ORS)
# Unskilled
263,500
46.30%
122,001
# Unskilled
% Light (ORS)
# Light
122,001
24.00%
29,280
# Light
% Full-Time (O*NET)
# Full-Time
29,280
100.00%
29,280
# Full Time
% 6 hour stand/walk (ORS)
# 6 hour stand/walk
29,280
10.00%
2,928

Unlimited standing/walking in the context of light unskilled work yields 29,280 full-time jobs in the economy.   If limited to six hours of standing/walking in a full-time day, then the person can perform fewer than 3,000 jobs production worker, all other jobs (in 405 separate light unskilled DOT codes).  

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