Tuesday, January 8, 2019

Night Cleaner and Six Hours of Standing/Walking

Marian Marracco testified at a hearing yesterday.  Marracco has a bulk provider agreement to testify before the Social Security Administration as a vocational expert.  She was in New Jersey.  Now she works out of Desert Hot Springs.  She is prolific.

The ALJ directed Marracco to assume an ability to perform light work as defined in the regulations with other limitations.  Marracco identifies three occupations:  night cleaner; mail clerk; and garment sorter.  On cross-examination, the question turns to the medical expert's testimony: six hours of standing and walking in an eight-hour day.  Marracco says no change because the DOT defines light work as six hours of standing/walking in an eight-hour day.  Marracco further testifies that no light work ever requires more than six hours of standing/walking in a day; no light work requires standing/walking throughout the day; and Labor does not have data to the contrary.  We covered the DOT, regulation, and ruling in the preceding piece on this blog.  We turn our attention to night cleaner.

Marracco used DOT code 323.687-014.  Occu Collect confirms that Labor puts this occupation in maids and housekeeping cleaners (SOC 37-2012).


CLEANER, HOUSEKEEPING

323.687-014

DOT: 323.687-014 CLEANER, HOUSEKEEPING (any industry) alternate titles: maid
Cleans rooms and halls in commercial establishments, such as hotels, restaurants, clubs, beauty parlors, and dormitories, performing any combination of following duties: Sorts, counts, folds, marks, or carries linens. Makes beds. Replenishes supplies, such as drinking glasses and writing supplies. Checks wraps and renders personal assistance to patrons. Moves furniture, hangs drapes, and rolls carpets. Performs other duties as described under CLEANER (any industry) I Master Title. May be designated according to type of establishment cleaned as Beauty Parlor Cleaner (personal ser.); Motel Cleaner (hotel & rest.); or according to area cleaned as Sleeping Room Cleaner (hotel & rest.).
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86
There are 10 DOT codes in the group.

DOT Code
DOT Title
SVP
STRENGTH
301.474-010
HOUSE WORKER, GENERAL
3
M
301.687-010
CARETAKER
2
M
301.687-014
DAY WORKER
2
M
302.685-010
LAUNDRY WORKER, DOMESTIC
2
L
302.687-010
IRONER
2
L
309.674-010
BUTLER, SECOND
3
L
323.687-010
CLEANER, HOSPITAL
2
M
323.687-014
CLEANER, HOUSEKEEPING
2
L
323.687-018
HOUSECLEANER
2
H
381.684-560
Housekeeper, Commercial, Residential, or Industrial
(blank)
(blank)

Marracco testifies to 929,540 jobs as a night cleaner with a limit of six hours of standing/walking in a day.

 37-2012 Maids and housekeeping cleaners
Typical Education Needed
No formal educational credential
Work Experience in a Related Occupation
None
Typical On-The-Job Training Needed to Attain Competency
Short-term on-the-job training
2016 Employment
1,443,200

Given the breadth of the occupational base, my confidence level of night cleaner represents 9 out of 14 maids and housekeeping cleaners is low.  Moving right along to the O*NET OnLine:

37-2012.00 - Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners

Structural Job Characteristics
%
Response
Duration of Typical Work Week — Number of hours typically worked in one week.
4
More than 40 hours
35
40 hours
60
Less than 40 hours

Not surprising, most of the jobs are part-time and therefore not presumptively substantial gainful activity.  

Exertional%Response
Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?
0
Continually or almost continually
0
More than half the time
0
About half the time
9
Less than half the time
91
Never
Exertional%Response
Spend Time Standing — How much does this job require standing?
80
Continually or almost continually
17
More than half the time
2
About half the time
1
Less than half the time
0
Never
Exertional%Response
Spend Time Walking and Running — How much does this job require walking and running?
70
Continually or almost continually
14
More than half the time
2
About half the time
0
Less than half the time
15
Never

It is very difficult to stand/walk six of eight hours if the worker never sits.  With 80% standing and 70% walking/running continually or almost continually, the inference would direct that the 9% that sit less than half the time do not aggregate to two hours in a day.  Now for the Occupational Requirements Survey:

37-2012.00 - Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners


Series ID: ORUP1000062300000125
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: maids and housekeeping cleaners; hours of standing/walking, mean
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: maids and housekeeping cleaners
Estimate: hours of standing/walking, mean
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual6.64

Series ID: ORUP1000062300000126
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: maids and housekeeping cleaners; hours of standing/walking (10th percentile)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: maids and housekeeping cleaners
Estimate: hours of standing/walking (10th percentile)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual4

Series ID: ORUP1000062300000127
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: maids and housekeeping cleaners; hours of standing/walking (25th percentile)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: maids and housekeeping cleaners
Estimate: hours of standing/walking (25th percentile)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual5.5

Series ID: ORUP1000062300000128
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: maids and housekeeping cleaners; hours of standing/walking (50th percentile - median)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: maids and housekeeping cleaners
Estimate: hours of standing/walking (50th percentile - median)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual7.2

Series ID: ORUP1000062300000129
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: maids and housekeeping cleaners; hours of standing/walking (75th percentile)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: maids and housekeeping cleaners
Estimate: hours of standing/walking (75th percentile)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual8

Series ID: ORUP1000062300000130
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: maids and housekeeping cleaners; hours of standing/walking (90th percentile)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: maids and housekeeping cleaners
Estimate: hours of standing/walking (90th percentile)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual8

Series ID: ORUP1000062300000132
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: maids and housekeeping cleaners; hours of sitting, mean
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: maids and housekeeping cleaners
Estimate: hours of sitting, mean
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual0.31

Series ID: ORUP1000062300000133
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: maids and housekeeping cleaners; hours of sitting (10th percentile)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: maids and housekeeping cleaners
Estimate: hours of sitting (10th percentile)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual-

Series ID: ORUP1000062300000134
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: maids and housekeeping cleaners; hours of sitting (25th percentile)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: maids and housekeeping cleaners
Estimate: hours of sitting (25th percentile)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual-
Series ID: ORUP1000062300000135
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: maids and housekeeping cleaners; hours of sitting (50th percentile - median)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: maids and housekeeping cleaners
Estimate: hours of sitting (50th percentile - median)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual-

Series ID: ORUP1000062300000136
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: maids and housekeeping cleaners; hours of sitting (75th percentile)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: maids and housekeeping cleaners
Estimate: hours of sitting (75th percentile)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual0.5

Series ID: ORUP1000062300000137
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: maids and housekeeping cleaners; hours of sitting (90th percentile)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: maids and housekeeping cleaners
Estimate: hours of sitting (90th percentile)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual1

Series ID: ORUP1000062300000140
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: % of maids and housekeeping cleaners; sitting vs. standing/walking at will is not allowed
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: maids and housekeeping cleaners
Estimate: sitting vs. standing/walking at will is not allowed
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual97.1

Series ID: ORUP1000062300000997
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: maids and housekeeping cleaners; % of day sitting is required, mean
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: maids and housekeeping cleaners
Estimate: % of day sitting is required, mean
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual4.4

Series ID: ORUP1000062300000998
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: maids and housekeeping cleaners; % of day sitting is required (10th percentile)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: maids and housekeeping cleaners
Estimate: % of day sitting is required (10th percentile)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual-
Series ID: ORUP1000062300000999
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: maids and housekeeping cleaners; % of day sitting is required (25th percentile)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: maids and housekeeping cleaners
Estimate: % of day sitting is required (25th percentile)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual-

Series ID: ORUP1000062300001000
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: maids and housekeeping cleaners; % of day sitting is required (50th percentile - median)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: maids and housekeeping cleaners
Estimate: % of day sitting is required (50th percentile - median)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual-

Series ID: ORUP1000062300001001
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: maids and housekeeping cleaners; % of day sitting is required (75th percentile)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: maids and housekeeping cleaners
Estimate: % of day sitting is required (75th percentile)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual6.3

Series ID: ORUP1000062300001003
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: maids and housekeeping cleaners; % of day standing/walking is required, mean
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: maids and housekeeping cleaners
Estimate: % of day standing/walking is required, mean
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual95.6

Series ID: ORUP1000062300001004
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: maids and housekeeping cleaners; % of day standing/walking is required (10th percentile)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: maids and housekeeping cleaners
Estimate: % of day standing/walking is required (10th percentile)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual86.7

Series ID: ORUP1000062300001005
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: maids and housekeeping cleaners; % of day standing/walking is required (25th percentile)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: maids and housekeeping cleaners
Estimate: % of day standing/walking is required (25th percentile)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual93.8

Series ID: ORUP1000062300001006
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: maids and housekeeping cleaners; % of day standing/walking is required (50th percentile - median)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: maids and housekeeping cleaners
Estimate: % of day standing/walking is required (50th percentile - median)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual100

Series ID: ORUP1000062300001007
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: maids and housekeeping cleaners; % of day standing/walking is required (75th percentile)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: maids and housekeeping cleaners
Estimate: % of day standing/walking is required (75th percentile)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual100

Series ID: ORUP1000062300001008
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: maids and housekeeping cleaners; % of day standing/walking is required (90th percentile)
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: maids and housekeeping cleaners
Estimate: % of day standing/walking is required (90th percentile)
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual100

The hours of standing/walking at the 10th and 25th percentiles match up with the percentage of the day for standing/walking and the O*NET description that most of the jobs are part-time to confirm that maids and housekeeping cleaners do not limit standing/walking to 75% of the day, six hours in an eight-hour day.  

Nor are a plurality much less a majority of these jobs in the light category.  Maids and housekeeping cleaners engage in medium or heavy exertion in 76.6% of jobs.  

Series ID: ORUP1000062300000662
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: % of maids and housekeeping cleaners; strength is light work
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: maids and housekeeping cleaners
Estimate: strength is light work
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual23.1

Series ID: ORUP1000062300000663
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: % of maids and housekeeping cleaners; strength is medium work
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: maids and housekeeping cleaners
Estimate: strength is medium work
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual73.6

Series ID: ORUP1000062300000664
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: % of maids and housekeeping cleaners; strength is heavy work
Requirement: Physical Demands
Occupation: maids and housekeeping cleaners
Estimate: strength is heavy work
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual3

Most of the jobs are unskilled.  

Series ID: ORUV1000062300000064
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: % of maids and housekeeping cleaners; svp is short demonstration only
Requirement: Education, Training, And Experience
Occupation: maids and housekeeping cleaners
Estimate: svp is short demonstration only
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual5.9

Series ID: ORUV1000062300000065
Not seasonally adjusted
Series Title: % of maids and housekeeping cleaners; svp is beyond short demonstration, up to & including 1 month
Requirement: Education, Training, And Experience
Occupation: maids and housekeeping cleaners
Estimate: svp is beyond short demonstration, up to & including 1 month
YearPeriodEstimate
2017Annual80.6

We summarize the data:

# of Jobs
% Unskilled (ORS)
# Unskilled
1,443,200
86.50%
1,248,368
# Unskilled
% Light (ORS)
# Light
1,248,368
23.10%
288,373
# Light
% Full-Time (O*NET)
# Full-Time
288,373
40.00%
115,349
# Full-Time
% Some Sitting (O*NET)
# Some Sitting
115,349
9.00%
10,381
# Some Sitting
% 6 hour stand/walk (ORS)
# 6 hour stand/walk (ORS)
10,381
0.00%
0

Unlimited standing/walking in the context of light unskilled work yields 115,349 full-time jobs in the economy.  Requiring the ability to do just some sitting during the workday erodes that number to 10,381 jobs.  If limited to six hours of standing/walking in a full-time day, then the person cannot perform any maid or housekeeping cleaner jobs.  

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